Hello there!

👉🏻Do you know that one way to expand your English vocabulary is learning to recognize the word patterns seen in many English-Spanish cognates.
It is said that 29% of English vocabulary comes from Latin, this makes learning 29% of the English vocabulary fairly (bestante) easy to learn for Spanish speakers.

As you learn the following word patterns, remember that in some cases the meanings of the words have changed over time. Sometimes the English and Spanish meanings can cause confusion – FALSE FRIEND, as we call it 😬 

For example, a discusión refers to a discussion (una conversacion) in English, BUT it refers to an argument in Spanish. But an argumento in Spanish can refer to the plot of a story in English…
Keep reading😉
English tips!
Oh wow! How interesting!
Let’s take a look at the most common patterns of similarity you’ll find:

1. Word Endings

⭕ Words that end in “-tion” in English often end in -cion in Spanish:
nation, nación
station, estación
fraction, fracción
publication, publicación

⭕ Words that end in “-ty” in English often end in -dad in Spanish:
fidelity, fidelidad
felicity, felicidad
faculty, facultad
liberty, libertad
authority, autoridad

⭕ Names of occupations that end in “-ist” in English often end in the Spanish -ista (other endings also are used):
dentist, dentista
artist, artista
orthopedist, ortopedista

⭕ Names of fields of study that end in “-ology” often have a Spanish cognate ending in -ología:geology, geología
ecology, ecología
archaeology, arqueología

⭕ Adjectives that end in “-ous” may have a Spanish equivalent ending in -oso:
famous, famoso
nervous, nervioso
fibrous, fibroso
precious, precioso

⭕ Words ending in -cy often have an equivalent ending in -cia:
democracy, democracia
redundancy, redundancia

⭕ English words ending in “-ism” often have an equivalent ending in -ismo:communism, comunismo
capitalism, capitalismo
atheism, ateísmo
hedonism, hedonismo

⭕ English words ending in “-ture” often have an equivalent ending in -tura.
caricature, caricatura
aperture, apertura
culture, cultura
rupture, ruptura

 English words ending in “-is” often have Spanish equivalents with the same ending. symbiosis, simbiosis
pelvis, pelvis
crisis, crisis

2. Word Beginnings

⭕ Nearly all common prefixes are the same or similar in English and Spanish.

For example:antipathy, antipatía
autonomy, autonomía
bilingual, bilingüe
exportation, exportación
counterattack, contraataque
contend, contender
disobedience, desobediencia
homosexual, homosexual
paramedic, paramédico
polygamy, poligamia
prefix, prefijo
pseudoscience, seudosciencia
supermarket, supermercado
unilateral, unilateral

⭕ Some words that begin with an “s” followed by a consonant in English start with an es in Spanish:stereo, estéreo
special, especial
snob, esnob

⭕ Many words ending in “ble” in English have Spanish equivalents that are identical or very similar:applicable, aplicable
comparable, comparable
divisible, divisible
malleable, maleable
terrible, terrible

3. Patterns in Spelling
Some English words that start with a silent letter are not in the Spanish word:psalm, salmo
ptomaine, tomaína
psychology, sicología

⭕ Many English words that have a “ph” in them have an f in the Spanish version:photo, foto
metamorphosis, metamorfosis
graph, gráfica

⭕ A few words in English that have a “th” in them have a Spanish equivalent with a t:
empathy, empatía
theater, teatro
theory, teoría
Some English words that have double letters have a Spanish equivalent without the letter doubled (although some words with “rr” may have an rr equivalent in Spanish, as in “correspond,” corresponder):difficulty, dificultad
essence, esencia
collaborate, colaborar
common, común
Some English words that have a “ch” pronounced as “k” have Spanish equivalents that use a qu or a c, depending on the letter that follows:
architecture, arquitectura
chemical, químico
charisma, carisma
echo, eco
technology, tecnología
chaos, caos

4. Other Word Patterns
Adverbs  that end in “-ly” in English sometimes have a Spanish equivalent ending in -mente:rapidly, rápidamente
profusely, profusamente
prudently, prudentemente

If you feel that you would like to take your English FURTHER – finding your fluency and
building your confidence – book your FREE  DISCOVER your ENGLISH  session
with us TODAY! 

Here we will:  
-Send you a questionnaire 
-Discover your English needs and challenges 
-Practice your English! 
-Inform you of the way forward. 
We will help YOU improve your English skills, strategically.

Oh, and remember to DOWNLOAD our FREE Conversation E-Book!

Looking forward to chatting with you! 
Lindri and The Roll your English Team.

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