|Hello there! |
👉🏻Do you know that one way to expand your English vocabulary is learning to recognize the word patterns seen in many English-Spanish cognates.
It is said that 29% of English vocabulary comes from Latin, this makes learning 29% of the English vocabulary fairly (bestante) easy to learn for Spanish speakers.
As you learn the following word patterns, remember that in some cases the meanings of the words have changed over time. Sometimes the English and Spanish meanings can cause confusion – FALSE FRIEND, as we call it 😬
For example, a discusión refers to a discussion (una conversacion) in English, BUT it refers to an argument in Spanish. But an argumento in Spanish can refer to the plot of a story in English…
|Let’s take a look at the most common patterns of similarity you’ll find:|
1. Word Endings
⭕ Words that end in “-tion” in English often end in -cion in Spanish:
⭕ Words that end in “-ty” in English often end in -dad in Spanish:
⭕ Names of occupations that end in “-ist” in English often end in the Spanish -ista (other endings also are used):
⭕ Names of fields of study that end in “-ology” often have a Spanish cognate ending in -ología:geology, geología
⭕ Adjectives that end in “-ous” may have a Spanish equivalent ending in -oso:
⭕ Words ending in -cy often have an equivalent ending in -cia:
⭕ English words ending in “-ism” often have an equivalent ending in -ismo:communism, comunismo
⭕ English words ending in “-ture” often have an equivalent ending in -tura.
⭕ English words ending in “-is” often have Spanish equivalents with the same ending. symbiosis, simbiosis
2. Word Beginnings
⭕ Nearly all common prefixes are the same or similar in English and Spanish.
For example:antipathy, antipatía
⭕ Some words that begin with an “s” followed by a consonant in English start with an es in Spanish:stereo, estéreo
⭕ Many words ending in “ble” in English have Spanish equivalents that are identical or very similar:applicable, aplicable
3. Patterns in Spelling
Some English words that start with a silent letter are not in the Spanish word:psalm, salmo
⭕ Many English words that have a “ph” in them have an f in the Spanish version:photo, foto
⭕ A few words in English that have a “th” in them have a Spanish equivalent with a t:
⭕Some English words that have double letters have a Spanish equivalent without the letter doubled (although some words with “rr” may have an rr equivalent in Spanish, as in “correspond,” corresponder):difficulty, dificultad
⭕Some English words that have a “ch” pronounced as “k” have Spanish equivalents that use a qu or a c, depending on the letter that follows:
4. Other Word Patterns
Adverbs that end in “-ly” in English sometimes have a Spanish equivalent ending in -mente:rapidly, rápidamente
If you feel that you would like to take your English FURTHER – finding your fluency and
building your confidence – book your FREE DISCOVER your ENGLISH session
with us TODAY!
Here we will:
-Send you a questionnaire
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-Practice your English!
-Inform you of the way forward.
We will help YOU improve your English skills, strategically.
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Looking forward to chatting with you!
Lindri and The Roll your English Team.
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